Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool

Enhancing our Heritage (EoH) Toolkit (2008)

Citation: M. Hockings, R. James, S. Stolton, N. Dudley, V. Mathur, J. Makombo, J. Courrau and J. Parrish (2008) Enhancing our Heritage Toolkit: Assessing management effectiveness of natural World Heritage sites. UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Paris.

Document
Publication year
2008
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

Evaluating Effectiveness: A framework for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas (2nd ed)

Citation: Hockings, M., Stolton, S., Leverington, F., Dudley, N. and Courrau, J. (2006). Evaluating Effectiveness: A
framework for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas. 2nd edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and
Cambridge, UK. xiv + 105 pp.

Publication year
2006
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

First elements for an IMET Planning-Monitoring Module

First elements of reflection and drafting of a specific IMET module on planning and monitoring, to foster the link between situation assessments, planning monitoring and evaluation, oriented towards work-plan preparation and benchmarks setting for operational field work. Work in progress for the finalization of the a first draft of the module to be tested in protected areas, then improved and finalized in view of its dissemination and use on a wider scale.

Publication year
2019
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

IMET Coach Observatory Mission Information Toolkit (COMIT) English (2016)

COMIT is a toolkit to support coaching missions to improve protected area management and develop the information system of the Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management (BIOPAMA) Programme. To contribute to the improvement in protected area management and meet conservation targets, BIOPAMA offers an integrated tool to support the planning, monitoring and evaluation of protected areas: The Integrated Management Effectiveness Tool (IMET) favors a proactive results-based approach, thanks to tools that can describe and quantify the environment and its evolution.

Citation: Carlo Paolini, Domoina Rakotobe and Donald Jomha Djossi (2016). Coach Observatory Mission Information Toolkit (COMIT): A toolkit to support coaching missions to improve protected area management and develop the information system of the Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management (BIOPAMA) Programme. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 128pp. Available online: https://portals.iucn.org/library/node/46173

Publication year
2016
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

IMET Coach Observatory Mission Information Toolkit (COMIT) French (2016)

COMIT is a toolkit to support coaching missions to improve protected area management and develop the information system of the Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management (BIOPAMA) Programme. To contribute to the improvement in protected area management and meet conservation targets, BIOPAMA offers an integrated tool to support the planning, monitoring and evaluation of protected areas: The Integrated Management Effectiveness Tool (IMET) favors a proactive results-based approach, thanks to tools that can describe and quantify the environment and its evolution.

Citation: Carlo Paolini, Domoina Rakotobe and Donald Jomha Djossi (2016). Coach Observatory Mission Information Toolkit (COMIT): A toolkit to support coaching missions to improve protected area management and develop the information system of the Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management (BIOPAMA) Programme. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 128pp. Available online: https://portals.iucn.org/library/node/45846

Document
Publication year
2016
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

IMET Module on Governance of Ecosystem Services (1st draft)

First draft of a specific IMET module to deepen the analysis on governance of ecosystem services, one of the most conflictual challenges of protected areas management. Already tested in 2 protected areas in Burundi. Other field tests are planned in view of collecting feedback for improvement and finalization of the tool prior to its dissemination for use on a wider scale.

Publication year
2019
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)
Ecosystem Services

IMET Module on Law Enforcement (1st draft)

First draft of a specific IMET module to deepen the analysis on law enforcement, already tested in 2 protected areas in Burundi. Other field tests are planned in view of collecting feedback for improvement and finalization of the tool prior to its dissemination for use on a wider scale.

Publication year
2019
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

IUCN Conservation Outlook Assessments - Guidelines (2012)

Citation: IUCN (2012) IUCN Conservation Outlook Assessments – Guidelines for their application to natural World Heritage sites. Version 1.3. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Publication year
2012
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas Website

The IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas is a global campaign for successful nature conservation. At its heart is the Green List Sustainability Standard that provides a global benchmark  for how to meet the environmental challenges of the 21st century. The IUCN Green List offers locally relevant expert guidance to help achieve fair and effective nature conservation results in protected and conserved areas. It can help guarantee that wildlife and ecosystems can survive, thrive and bring value to communities everywhere.

The new IUCN Green List website (beta version) is available here: https://iucngreenlist.org/

Publication year
2020
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas: Standard (Version 1.1)

Citation: IUCN and World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) (2016). IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas: Standard, Version 1.1. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Check for updates: https://www.iucn.org/theme/protected-areas/our-work/iucn-green-list-protected-and-conserved-areas

Publication year
2016
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas: User Manual (Version 1.2)

Citation: IUCN, World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) and Assurance Services International (ASI) (2019). IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas: User Manual, Version 1.2. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Check for updates: https://www.iucn.org/theme/protected-areas/our-work/iucn-green-list-protected-and-conserved-areas

Publication year
2019
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

IUCN Matrix of Protected Area Management Categories and Governance Types

Management categories and governance types of protected and conserved areas are independent and can be juxtaposed in the “IUCN Matrix” visualizing a spectrum of area-based options to conserve nature in a given region/system.

Document
Publication year
2018
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

Lessons learned from 18 years of implementing the Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT)

Citation: Stolton, S, Dudley, N, Belokurov, A, Deguignet, M, Burgess, ND, Hockings, M, Leverington, F, MacKinnon, K & Young, L 2019, 'Lessons learned from 18 years of implementing the management effectiveness tracking tool (Mett): a perspective from the mett developers and implementers', Parks, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 79-92. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.CH.2019.PARKS-25-2SS.en

Publication year
2019
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT-4) (2020)

The Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT)

First published in 2002, the METT was one of the first tools developed to reflect the IUCN WCPA Framework for protected area management effectiveness (or PAME). The METT was originally developed by the World Bank/WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use. Several versions of the METT and many adaptations have been produced, reflecting lessons learned through implementation; by 2016 the METT had been applied in 127 countries worldwide.

In 2020 a new version of the METT (the fourth version, METT-4) was developed. METT-4 draws together the lessons learned from applying the tool around the world. For the first time, METT-4 is presented as an Excel tool which aids implementation and compilation of results. More information and resources on METT-4 are available in the METT tab on the Protected Planet website (see link below).

Citation: Stolton, S., Hockings, M., Dudley, N. (2020). Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool. Reporting Progress at Protected Area Sites: Fourth Edition. Excel Workbook and Guidance. Available online: https://www.protectedplanet.net/en/thematic-areas/protected-areas-management-effectiveness-pame

Document
Publication year
2020
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT-4) Guide (2020)

The Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT)

First published in 2002, the METT was one of the first tools developed to reflect the IUCN WCPA Framework for protected area management effectiveness (or PAME). The METT was originally developed by the World Bank/WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use. Several versions of the METT and many adaptations have been produced, reflecting lessons learned through implementation; by 2016 the METT had been applied in 127 countries worldwide.

In 2020 a new version of the METT (the fourth version, METT-4) was developed. METT-4 draws together the lessons learned from applying the tool around the world. For the first time, METT-4 is presented as an Excel tool which aids implementation and compilation of results. More information and resources on METT-4 are available in the METT tab on the Protected Planet website (see link below).

Citation: Stolton, S., Hockings, M., Dudley, N. (2020). Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool. Reporting Progress at Protected Area Sites: Fourth Edition. Excel Workbook and Guidance. Available online: https://www.protectedplanet.net/en/thematic-areas/protected-areas-management-effectiveness-pame

Document
Publication year
2020
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

Mapping biodiversity priorities: A practical, science-based approach to national biodiversity assessment and prioritisation to inform strategy and action planning (2016)

Spatial data and mapping can provide multiple benefits for biodiversity strategies and action planning at a national scale, such as determining the state of biodiversity in a country, identifying national priority areas, monitoring progress towards international targets, and visually communicating key biodiversity issues. For this reason, parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) have been urged to use their revised National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) as an instrument to integrate biodiversity information into spatial planning processes by governments and the private sector.

In almost any country, and in almost any policy context, there are certain fundamental questions that need to be answered to inform biodiversity policy, strategy, and action planning. Assessing biodiversity at a national level is a useful basis for answering these key questions, which include:
1. What biodiversity does a country have and where is it?
2. What is the state of biodiversity across the landscape and seascape?
3. Where and how should a country act first to manage and conserve biodiversity?

This document sets out a practical, science-based approach to spatial biodiversity assessment and prioritisation, which can be applied at the national level in any country. It is especially useful for countries that are both biodiversity rich and resource constrained, where difficult choices have to be made about how and where to focus conservation action. This document shows how even the most data-poor country can use available global data as the basis for an initial spatial assessment and prioritisation that will yield useful results. The core intended audience is those individuals involved in revising or implementing NBSAPs, although the approach has many other wider applications.

Citation: SANBI & UNEP-WCMC. 2016. Mapping biodiversity priorities: A practical, science-based approach to national biodiversity assessment and prioritisation to inform strategy and action planning. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.

Publication year
2016
Document Theme
Conservation Planning

Monitoring Village Forest Governance with the MJUMITA Dashboard Tool

Citation: MJUMITA. 2014. Monitoring Village Forest Governance with the MJUMITA Dashboard Tool. Policy Brief. Community Forest Conservation Network of Tanzania (MJUMITA) and Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Publication year
2014
Document Theme
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

Natural Resource Governance Tool (Version 2)

Abstract: This second version of the of the Natural Resources Governance Tool (NRGT) incorporates: a) improved understanding of the power to govern and the addition of diversity as a sub-attribute of authority, b) updated data collection and data management methods using KoboToolBox on tablet computers, and c) revision of the survey instrument to use Likert scale responses. Each of these changes were informed by extensive field experience of implementing the first version of the tool in Central Africa and other locations around the world.

Citation: Detoeuf, D., Wieland, M, Cowles, P. and Wilkie, D. 2020. The Natural Resource Governance Tool - Version 2. WCS Bronx, NY and USAID Washington, D.C. USA

Publication year
2020
Document Theme
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

PAME Module: Quick User Guide (version 1)

This is a quick user guide for the PAME Module of the BIOPAMA Reference Information System.

Citation: Bertzky, B. 2021. PAME Module: Quick User Guide (version 1). BIOPAMA Programme, European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.

Publication year
2021
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

Protected area governance and management: A resource book for practitioners in development cooperation (2021)

The present publication was written as a resource book for professionals who support capacity development in the field of protected area governance and management. It is designed to help its readers navigate the wealth of existing knowledge products and to give inspiration by presenting examples and project experience. At its core, it provides an overview of a variety of planning, management, financing, monitoring and assessment tools and of instruments and guidance to enhance the recognition and participation of rightsholders and stakeholders. The selection of tools is intended to be sufficiently comprehensive to cover the broad range of different governance and management issues at stake in protected area systems and sites while at the same time limiting the total number of tools presented. The list includes well-established tools for which documented experience is available as well as offering some newer tools that address emerging challenges. In view of the fact that this is a dynamically developing field with existing tools being adapted and new tools being developed, this resource book seeks to provide general guidance based on professional judgement at the present point in time without in any way claiming to be authoritative or exhaustive.

Citation: Auhagen, Bojan; Eißing, Stefanie; Garstecki, Tobias; Koning, Mirjam de; Lobmüller, Janina; Preuß, Stefanie; Renner, Isabel; Schoroth, Marie (2021) Protected area governance and management: A resource book for practitioners in development cooperation. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Bonn and Eschborn, Germany.

Publication year
2021
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)
Ecosystem Services
Conservation Planning

Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) Methodology (2003)

Citation: Jamison Ervin (2003) Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) Methodology. WWF, Gland, Switzerland.

Document
Publication year
2003
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)

SAPA, SAGE or GAPA? Tools for assessing the social impacts, governance, and equity of conservation (2020)

The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) has developed three practical and relatively low-cost tools for stakeholders and rights-holders of a protected or conserved area to assess the social impacts, quality of governance and equity of conservation. This leaflet provides guidance on selecting the tool best suited to your needs and context.

Citation: Franks, P and Pinto, R (2020) SAPA, SAGE or GAPA? Tools for assessing the social impacts, governance, and equity of conservation. IIED, London.

Publication year
2020
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

Site-level assessment of governance and equity (SAGE) Website

The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) has developed and is now rolling out a relatively simple, low-cost tool for assessing the governance and equity of protected or conserved areas. Site-level assessment of governance and equity (SAGE) is one of three tools for stakeholders and rights-holders to themselves assess the social impacts, governance and equity of their conservation efforts. The other two tools are social assessment for protected and conserved areas (SAPA) and governance assessment for protected and conserved areas (GAPA). Guidance is available on which tool to use in which contexts.

This IIED website explores SAGE in more detail. A SAGE manual should become available in 2021.

Publication year
2020
Document Theme
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

Social Assessment for Protected and Conserved Areas (SAPA) Methodology (2018)

Citation: Franks P, Small R and Booker F (2018) Social Assessment for Protected and Conserved Areas (SAPA). Methodology manual for SAPA facilitators. Second edition. IIED, London.

Document
Publication year
2018
Document Theme
PAME (Protected Area Management Effectiveness)
PAGE (Protected Area Governance and Equity)

What is a Key Biodiversity Area (KBA)?

Protecting and safeguarding Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) might be our best chance of reversing the catastrophic biodiversity loss that the planet is currently experiencing. But what are KBAs, how are they identified and how exactly do they benefit conservation?

Publication year
2021
Document Theme
Conservation Planning

World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)

Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are the most important places in the world for species and their habitats. Faced with a global environmental crisis we need to focus our collective efforts on conserving the places that matter most. The KBA Programme supports the identification, mapping, monitoring and conservation of KBAs to help safeguard the most critical sites for nature on our planet – from rainforests to reefs, mountains to marshes, deserts to grasslands and to the deepest parts of the oceans.

Publication year
2021
Document Theme
Conservation Planning
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